Dog and Puppy Care
We may recommend the following canine vaccine protocol:
Rabies is a fatal disease of the nervous system. It is caused by a virus that can infect all warm-blooded animals, including humans. The virus attacks the brain and spinal cord, causing severe nervous system dysfunction and eventually death. The most common way to contract rabies is through a bite from an infected animal. When a rabid animal bites, rabies virus in its saliva passes through the broken skin of the victim. Rabid cats can also transmit rabies through their scratches if they have saliva on their paws.
In Alberta, the most common victims of rabies are wild animals. Skunks have the highest rate of infection although bats, coyotes, foxes, and raccoons are also very susceptible. Cats, dogs, cattle and horses usually contract rabies through encounters with rabid wildlife.
First dose given at 16 weeks of age
Next dose given 1 year after first dose
Subsequent doses given every 3 years
Canine distemper virus is a highly contagious disease of dogs, raccoons, skunks, and other animals in those families. It causes symptoms ranging from fever, nasal discharge, and pneumonia to neurologic dysfunction and death.
Hepatitis is a virus that causes liver disease and can result in death.
Parvovirus is a devastating disease that causes intractable vomiting and diarrhea and can damage the immune system. It is highly contagious through feces and can persist on contaminated surfaces such as sidewalks upwards of five months.
Parainfluenza is one of the primary causes of kennel cough, a disease where virus and bacteria can synergistically cause a dry hacking cough in dogs.
Every 3–4 weeks from 6–8 weeks of age to 16–18 weeks of age
Next dose 1 year later
Subsequent dose in adult dogs every 1-2 years
Kennel cough is a contagious bacterial and viral infection transmitted by oral and nasal secretions. It usually results in a dry cough that sounds like a dog is trying to cough something up and varies in severity. However, in some cases it can lead to significant pneumonia. Sometimes, the vaccine will include mild symptoms that may require antibiotics if persistent.
First dose at 12–16 weeks of age
Next dose 1 year later
Subsequent dose every 6 months or once yearly, depending on exposure in kennels, shows, dog groups, and so on